How to connect and configure Remote Desktop on Windows 7 and Windows 10

 

How to connect and configure Remote Desktop on Windows 7 and Windows 10

Sometimes it becomes necessary for computer owners to customize the desktop of their home system while away from home. Or, for example, entrust the work to a professional who, using his PC, can connect to your device without leaving the office. In this guide, we'll show you how to connect and set up remote desktop on computers running Windows 7 and Windows 10.



How to remotely customize your desktop in Windows 7

Win7 computers have a feature called Remote Desktop (or Windows 7 RDP). This functionality will allow you to establish communication between two systems, allowing you to remotely make settings on one of them using the other.


To enable this feature, you need to follow these steps:

  • Set a password for the account (without it, you will not be able to connect to the system).
  • Configure an RDP server.

To do this, you need:

  1. Go to the "Start" menu, right-click on "Computer" and go to "Properties";
  2. Select the item "Setting up remote access";
  3. Check the box next to the item "Allow the connection of remote assistance";
  4. Check the box next to "Allow remote control of this computer" in the "Advanced" tab (there you can also set the time during which the invitation to a remote connection will be valid).

Next, you need in the "Select users" tab to mark those people whom you allow to connect to your PC (each of them must have a password for the account). If you have an official Windows 7 operating system, then only one person can connect at a time.

Now we need to establish an RDP connection, for which we need to find out the IP address of the computer to which you plan to connect. To do this, go to the command line (in the “Run” tab, you need to write the command “cmd” without quotes), in the window that opens, write “ipconfig” without quotes and find the line with the IPv4 parameter. The numbers indicated through a dot will be the desired IP address, which must be entered in the connection window.

The next step is to go to "Start", select the "Standard" item and find "Remote Desktop Connection" in it. In the window that appears, in the "Computer" item, insert the previously obtained IP address, and then click "Connect". If everything is done correctly, you will see a new window in which you will need to register the login and password for the account to establish a connection.

How to change the RDP port

By default, the computer uses TCP protocol and port 3389 for remote connection to the desktop via RDP on the computer. In some situations, to increase the security level of the system, it is possible to change the port to prevent people using software with automatic password generation from entering the computer.

To change the port, you need to follow these steps:

  1. Go to the "Start" menu, then click on the "Run" item and type in the "regedit" key combination without quotes;
  2. In the window that appears, you need to find the directories "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE", "CurrentControlSet";
  3. After that, go to "Control", "Terminal Server", "WinStations" and look for the "RDP-Tcp" folder;
  4. On the right side of the screen, you need to find a file called PortNumber, right-click on it and find the value "00000D3D".

Next to it, in brackets, the port number will be indicated, which is used for remote connection (as we said above, by default this is port 3389). To change it, you need to delete the current value, put a tick in front of the "Decimal" item and enter the desired port number, consisting of four digits.

When everything is ready, exit the settings with saving and restart the PC - the changes will take effect after the next login.


How to remotely customize your desktop in Windows 10

In Win10 OS, remote connection is also carried out via the RDP protocol, by default, as before, port 3389 is used.RDP itself is already included in the operating system by default, the user just needs to enable the Remote Desktop Connection function (the executable file mstsc.exe is located on the C drive : / Windows / System32) on the target computer.

It is also worth saying that you can use this functionality and interact with a computer on which Windows 10 is installed:


  • Users with Windows 7 in Professional, Enterprise, Ultimate editions;
  • Windows XP users of all editions except Home;
  • Users with Windows 8 / 8.1 / 10 in Pro and Enterprise editions.

By default, Administrators and Remote Desktop Users can connect to a PC remotely in Win10.
To connect to a remote system that has the Windows 10 operating system installed, you need:

  • Disable the automatic transition to sleep mode, if it is active (go to the "System settings", "System", "Power and sleep mode" section, in the "Sleep" section, select the "Never" item).
  • Configure the built-in firewall (by default, the system does not allow connecting to a PC remotely).

To configure your firewall correctly, you need:

  1. Go to "Control Panel", then to "Windows Firewall";
  2. Select "Allow interaction with an application or component in Windows Defender Firewall";
  3. Go to "Allowed programs" and click on the item "Change settings";
  4. Check the box next to "Windows Remote Control".


After completing the previous steps, you need to activate the remote desktop (go to the "Settings", "System", "Remote Desktop" section, switch the slider to "On").

Next, configure the network discovery settings (you need to enable network discovery and access to printers and files by going to the section "Control Panel", "Network and Sharing Center", "Change advanced sharing settings").

After all these manipulations, it remains for us to allow remote access to the desktop of our computer for certain users. If you want to protect yourself from unnecessary risks, you will have to manually add certain people to the list of trusted persons who have the right to perform any manipulations on your PC.

To do this, you need to go to "Settings", "System", "Remote Work Access", go to the "User Accounts" section and select those who will be allowed access to the system.


After that, you can proceed to establishing a connection between the two computers.

Step 1 - in the "Run" field, enter the command "mstsc" without quotes and press Enter.

Step 2 - in the appeared “Connect to Remote Desktop” window, insert the IP address of the target PC (how to find out the IP address of the system, read the section about connecting on Windows 7) and click “Connect”.

Step 3 - enter the username and password from the account to gain access to the computer.

If everything is done correctly, a window will appear in which the system will clarify your decision to connect to the PC. Click "Yes" and then you can start managing the Remote Desktop.


How to solve connection error on Windows XP

Sometimes, if a user from a PC with WinXP installed tries to access a machine with a more recent version of the software, an error may appear indicating that the remote computer cannot be authenticated at the network level. To fix this problem, you need:

  1. Go to the "Control Panel", section "System" and then "Setting up remote access";
  2. Uncheck the box next to Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with network-level authentication (recommended).

When all the manipulations are over, we recommend returning this parameter to its place to provide better protection against penetration of third parties into the system.

We hope that our guide helped you solve all the issues related to connecting and configuring a desktop via remote access.

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