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Windows 11 technical issues FAQ - how to fix installation error, how to install the system without TPM 2.0 and how to fix memory error


Windows 11 technical issues FAQ - how to fix installation error, how to install the system without TPM 2.0 and how to fix memory error

At the moment, Windows 11 has become available for download to many users. As with earlier releases, some devices may experience a variety of issues. Our guide contains all the comprehensive information that will help fix all the most important problems with the new operating system.

How to fix problems installing Windows 11 

During the process of upgrading Windows 10 to a new operating system, some errors may occur. The current system has a dedicated troubleshooter built in to help you identify and fix any issues that arise. To run this function, you need to do the following:

  1. Click on the "Start" button and click on the gear icon, which will open the "Options" window.
  2. Go to the Update & Security section.
  3. Use the "Troubleshoot" item and click on "Additional troubleshooters".
  4. Click on the Windows Update section and use the Run the troubleshooter button.
  5. Follow all the instructions and at the end of the check, when you find a solution, click on the "Apply this fix" button.

What system requirements are needed to run Windows 11 

If the error cannot be corrected, the first step is to make sure that the computer you are using meets all the minimum system requirements for Windows 11. Below are the relevant specifications:

  1. Processor: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster with at least two cores on a compatible 64-bit processor or SoC.
  2. RAM size: 4 GB.
  3. Free space on hard disk: 64 GB.
  4. System software: UEFI, Secure Boot.
  5. TPM 2.0 (prerequisite for system installation).
  6. Video Card : DirectX 12 or later with WDDM 2.0 driver.
  7. Display: 720p, 8-bit per color channel, at least 9 inches diagonal.
  8. Internet connection and Microsoft account. Windows 11 Home requires an active internet connection and a Microsoft account to complete the initial operating system setup on first use.

A complete list of additional, non-essential requirements can be found on the official Microsoft page. All of the above specifications are required to run Windows 11, however we recommend using the new operating system on a more powerful computer. 

Also, before installing Windows 11, the user must make sure that there is at least 64 GB of free space on the hard disk, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the operating system. If there is absolutely not enough space, then it is recommended to remove unnecessary applications and files, as well as perform several steps to clean up the disk:

  1. Enter "Disk Cleanup" without quotes in the Windows search bar and open the application.
  2. Select your system drive (most often drive C) and click OK.
  3. Check the boxes for all the file types that you want to delete. Please note that you will not be able to return the selected data after cleaning. Also pay attention to the size of the cleared space.
  4. To clear more space on your hard drive, click the "Clean up system files" button.

In addition to cleaning the system, it is recommended to disable or remove the antivirus if available before installing Windows 11. After you have successfully updated your current system, you can revert back to protecting your computer from unwanted data.

How to check if your computer is compatible with Windows 11 

If the user is confident that his system meets all of the above criteria, a special device check must be performed. To do this, you need to do a few simple steps:

  1. Download and install the Windows PC Health Check (PC Health Check from Microsoft) application from the provided link, which will assess the current state of your PC.
  2. Run the program after installation.
  3. Click on the blue "Check Now" button. The user will receive a notification in a pop-up window if the current device is compatible with Windows 11.

How to find out if TPM 2.0 is in your computer

If after checking your computer only one notification about the absence of a TPM module appears, then you need to check the BIOS for the presence of this technology. For Intel you need to switch to TPM, and for AMD check PSP fTPM in BIOS.

Almost every modern processor is equipped with TPM technology, so we restart the computer and press the "Del" key to enter the BIOS. In rare cases, the buttons "F1", "F2", "F9" and other combinations can be used. Below are the most popular options for enabling TPM in BIOS on motherboards from various companies:

  1. ASUS. Go to the "Advanced" section and open one of the three available sections depending on the BIOS version ("Trusted Computing", "TPM State" or "TPM Device Selection"). On AMD devices, after going to the "Advanced" menu, you must sequentially go to "AMD fTPM configuration" and "TPM Device Selection", where select "Firmware TPM". On older BIOS firmwares (ASUS B450 and earlier), go to “PCH-FW Configuration” and open “TPM Device Selection”.
  2. Gigabyte. For AMD devices, open Settings and click on AMD CPU fTPM. Otherwise, go to "Peripherals" and use the item "Trusted Computing".
  3. MSI. Open the “Setting”, “Security”, “Trusted Computing” and “Security Device Support MSI BIOS” sections one by one. In rare cases, you need to select "Platform Trust Technology", "PTT" or "fTPM".
  4. Asrock. For Intel, go to Advanced and open Trusted Computing. For AMD, we consistently use the items "Advanced", "CPU Configuration" and "AMD fTPM switch". In rare cases, there may be "Platform Trust Technology (PTT)" sections. If none of the above options are available, use Security and open Intel platform trust technology in Asrock BIOS.
  5. Dell. In laptops of this company, you need to go to the "Security" section and click on "TPM Security". Then check the box on the right and apply the changes. After that, set the value to "Active", apply the changes again and exit.
  6. HP. On devices from this company, go to the "Security" section and open "TPM Device". In this menu, the value "Available" should be selected and the marker next to "TPM State" should be set. If you have the Aptio BIOS version, go to "Advanced", select "Trusted Computing" and open the "Security Device Support" section.
  7. Lenovo. On laptops of this company, you need to open "Security" and go to the "Security Chip" section. If you have BIOS Aptio, open "Advanced" and "TPM Support" in sequence.

After turning on the TPM, you can check the status of its operation on your device using the following steps:

  1. Hold down the key combination "Win + R".
  2. In the window that opens, enter "tpm.msc" without quotes and click "OK".
  3. Find the "TPM Manufacturer Information" section and click on "Specification Version" to find out the current version of the module.

How to install Window 11 without TPM 2.0 

 If the device you are using does not have a TPM 2.0 module, you will receive an error message when you try to install a new operating system from Microsoft. which will indicate that the current computer does not meet the minimum requirements of Windows 11.

The user should take into account all the possible consequences and use the instructions at his own peril and risk. Below are all the current major bugs in Windows 11 and how to fix them.

Internet is slow after upgrading to Windows 11

Some users have experienced poor Wi-Fi performance after installing Windows 11. This is most common when streaming movies, using a VPN, and surfing the net. The problem is especially common with Intel Killer hardware. Microsoft is already aware of the issue and will release an update for Windows 11 shortly that should fix the issue. Otherwise, it is recommended to use USB Wi-Fi adapters, if available, or connect the device directly using an Ethernet cable.

Can't Search Start Menu in Windows 11. How to Fix the Error 

 Currently, there is an issue with the new search bar in the Start menu, which prevents you from entering any data in the corresponding window. It will not be possible to permanently fix the current problem, so you need to wait for subsequent patches from the developers.

Microsoft recommends using other existing search methods as a workaround. You can also press the key combination "Win + R" to open the "Run" window and close it immediately. This action should instantly fix the search problem.

File Explorer looks like it does in Windows 10. How to fix the error 

In rare cases, after a system upgrade to Windows 11, Explorer does not change and looks the same. For some unknown reason, an older theme was transferred to the new version of Windows and was selected by default after installation. To fix this error, follow these steps:

  1. Open File Explorer and click View at the top of the window.
  2. Select "Options" (Options) in the far right corner and in the window that opens, go to the "View" tab.
  3. In the list of actions, find the option "Launch folder windows in a separate process" and uncheck the box next to it if available.
  4. Apply the changes and restart the explorer. After completing this step, the user should see a window with the updated visual style.

The widget panel looks empty. How to get rid of the problem 

Widget Board is a new feature in Windows 11 that displays small widget windows. They allow you to get instant access to various information (news, weather, calendar events and much more). For some users, instead of useful applications, a completely empty widget panel is displayed. To fix the error, do the following:

  1. Open the widget panel with the key combination "Win + W".
  2. Click on the person icon in the upper right corner of the window to go to the panel settings.
  3. In the same corner, click on the button to log out of your current account.
  4. Please login again. After that, all widgets should appear on the panel.

How to fix memory problem in Windows 11 

In some cases, after closing the explorer, it remains in the RAM, which can subsequently cause some problems and slow down the operating system. The developers are already working on fixing this error, but there is a workaround. Follow these steps:

  1. Open the file manager.
  2. Find Explorer in the list of processes.
  3. Right-click on it and click the Restart button.

Pay attention to the amount of memory that explorer takes up after restarting it. It should be much smaller before the problem is eliminated. You can also restart your computer as a temporary fix.